The Parallel Parliament

by Glen Pearson

Tag: Darfur

Humanity – “Is George Clooney There?”

“Is George Clooney right there, with you? Can you see if we can get an interview with him?”

This wasn’t the request I had been hoping for. Yes, George Clooney was in south Sudan, as was former president Jimmy Carter, but the real reason we were all there as international observers was to oversee the southern Sudanese referendum in an effort to attest to its credibility. It was big international news and had profound implications for all of Africa.

So I was a little taken aback when a Canadian national network reached me near the border of Darfur, virtually ignoring the significance of events swirling all around us and wanting to talk to the famed Hollywood actor. In truth, Clooney was confined to his room suffering from malaria, and Carter was everywhere – a respected international figure of peace and democracy who knew Sudan and its struggles well.

The reality that a people struggling for peace following decades of civil war was being eclipsed by a noted actor in their country was more than a little troubling. If any actor deserves some recognition for his part in drawing international attention to south Sudan and the destitute people of Darfur it is surely Clooney. He has done some credible work that would only be possible due to his notoriety.  Yet he continuously struggles with the penchant for individuals, governments and media to focus more on his fame than his passion for the Sudanese.

This is the age of humanitarian celebrities – all attempting to focus our attention on pivotal issues for the survival of all of us.  Some take their field work seriously; others appear in little more than photo ops.  But the attention on celebrities in such arenas points to two changing realities in our modern world. The first concerns affluent governments and their increasing retreat from aid and development commitments that had been promised only a decade ago. The vacuum left from the loss of serious attention to detail has opened the door even further for international celebrities to try to fill the void. It isn’t working to the degree necessary to curtail the growth of destitute poverty in our world – the numbers continue to escalate.

The second reality concerns our perspective as citizens and our loss of world interest in the plight of others.  That isn’t fully true in the area of disaster relief, however. Canadian generosity to places like the Asian tsunami or following Haiti’s devastating earthquake was indeed remarkable and uplifting. Yet in the long-term issues of climate change devastation, generational starvation, growing world hunger, chronic lack of health services, or physical insecurity, we seem to lose interest quickly, as does the media, whose lead we often follow.

As sovereign nations continue to pull into themselves due to the challenge of economic instability, it is only inevitable that we will begin to lose the solid advances we had made in such fields only a few years ago. The implications of this neglect are now ominous and no celebrity culture can save it.

On the other hand, the woman you see at the top of this post is a true hero and celebrity to many of us who have journeyed to Sudan. She poured out of Darfur with thousands of others a few years ago – in most cases without even the clothing on their backs. She was hiding in swamps with the others in order to avoid detection. She had come from much farther in western Darfur. Each time she attempted to settle with her family, militia, trained and supported by Libya’s army of Omar Khadaffi moved her on, but not before killing some of her relatives. When the West determined that Sudanese president Omar Bashir was a war criminal sought by the Criminal Court, the government often took its anger out on people like her.

She began traveling with 12 of her family, but only 4 survived. She lost her husband, sons, daughters-in-law, and her livelihood. But worst of all, by the time Jane and I interviewed her after she had journeyed hundreds of miles to where we were, she had lost her dignity – everything that had once made her who she was. She was a mess and her hair had begun falling out. In a word, she was “empty.” She had given everything to the survival of the children. Only 40 years of age, she looked 70.

There is no need to go into the lengthy list of tragedies she faced on that hectic journey. Our interview with her left us drained, as we realized neither one of us could come close to accomplishing what she had. Looking at her picture now, I see that she was more dynamic that any action figure, had more love for her lost husband than any romantic lead, and possessed a narrative as great as anything Hollywood could put together.

But she lives out of sight of all of us, and for that reason she doesn’t really matter. Her humanity, great as it is, has little effect on our own because we haven’t been paying attention to millions just like her. It’s the George Clooneys that really interest us. Good man that he is, he keeps telling us to focus on the need, not him.  But when a national network seeks to track him down in the wastelands of Darfur instead of telling the remarkable story of what was transpiring all around him, it is clear that our present humanity can only journey so far. We have miles to go yet before we sleep, and we have a world of hurt and suffering to consider as walk.

Winds of Change – From Darfur to Independence

I had only just been elected for a month when in January 2007 we journeyed with a large team of businesswomen to oversee our programs in south Sudan. All was normal until the third day, when someone approached us saying that thousands of internally displaced families from Darfur had been found hiding in the swamps and forests of a region north and west of where we were. My wife Jane and I made the decision to investigate and the rest of the team voiced their desire to accompany us. We didn’t know it at the time, but it was about to change the very nature of our work in that region.

What we found was a devastated form of humanity. We found families who had nothing – clothing, water, food, and now cooking implements. They were everywhere and they were afraid. They were in hiding for two reasons: unaware if they had officially crossed the boundary into south Sudan, and unsure whether the local populations would accept them. In what was a remarkable display of solidarity and human compassion, the historical villages in the area moved in rapid fashion to erect transitional tukuls (the traditional mud huts) of grass, and shared whatever meagre supplies they possessed with these visitors.

Unprepared for what we encountered, the team nevertheless began the laborious process of interviewing samplings of the families. Their stories were all the same: fleeing persecution in Darfur and hoping to find permanent settlement in the more peaceful areas of south Sudan, they journeyed, often in the hundreds together, to this place where they now found safety and refuge.

Upon returning to Canada, my very first speech in the House of Commons was all about these people. To the government’s credit, they responded with some $3 million in programming that eventually provided clean water systems, women’s micro-enterprise funding, schools and a small local health clinic. The results, as you are about to see in the video below, have been transformational. Each time we journey back to see these people, they welcome us with open arms and grateful hearts to the people of Canada for not only keeping them alive, but for giving them a new life.

And now it seems they are about to live in a new country – in independence. It is a journey remarkable in the telling. These people have made something for themselves and they got to that point largely from the assistance of Canada – especially the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). Sadly, CIDA changed its funding priorities in the last year, leaving the area unsupported for the deluge of new returnees that even now are moving into an area in which the traditional people, accompanied by those from Darfur who have now settled in and found a new life, are unprepared in resources and funds to deal with the influx.

For our NGO – Canadian Aid for Southern Sudan – the challenges are immense and we have made a commitment to these settlements closer to the Darfur border that we will continue resourcing the area. Nevertheless, as only a small NGO, we have neither the capacity or the resources to handle the pressures as they are now about to build.  A successful referendum has meant a huge increase in people moving into south Sudan for freedom and opportunity. If those can’t be provided in these border regions, the opportunity for the reigniting of conflict is a real possibility.  So much work to do, but at least, for the moment, we can celebrate how these communities have worked together to provide sustainability.

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